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Taken from Javanese word 'adi', meaning beautiful, and 'aeng', or impressive, this plateau has stunning panorama, beautiful Hindu temples, cool weather and magnificent views of mountains hugging its flanks.
But Hindus say Dieng is from the word 'Dihyang', meaning heaven, and cite the presence of temples in the area. The temples are still used as places of worship.
Dieng is located 26 kms north of Wonosobo and 2,093 meters above sea level. Average temperature ranging from 10 degrees Celsius to 15 degrees Celsius. In the south, Prau Mountain is part of the Wonosobo area while Bandongan village at the foot of Sumbing Mountain is in Magelang regency. The plateau is also surrounded by other mountains, including Bismo and Rogojembangan, in Banjarnegara. The Pendawa Lima temples are found on the slope of the mountain, are also said to be major evidence of the dawning of civilization in Java. The temples were built in about the 8th century during the Sanjaya Dynasty era.
[codepeople-post-map]What to see Jalatunda Well A not active crater fills with rain water. Jalatunda seem like a large well with diameter more than 100 m. Local people believe, someone who can throw a stone beyond the crater will reach their entire wish. Candradimuka Crater This crater is not volcanic crater but a land rupture. There are 2 crater but its only one crater that still active. The crater constantly roars. Sileri Crater Sileri is the widest crater in Dieng and spurt milky water like water being used to wash rice before cook; Javanese people call it ‘leri’, so people near Dieng named this crater Sileri Crater.
Dieng Temple Complex Dieng temple complex was discovered in 1814 by the Netherlands’ H.C. Cornelus. It consists of four different groups of temples that are all named after the characters of the Mahabharata epics. They are Dwarawati and Parikesit Temples in the north; Arjuna, Semar, Sembodro, Puntadewa, and Srikandi Temples in the center; and Dwarawati Kidul, Abiyasa, and Pandu Temples in the east. The other group includes Setyaki, Ontorejo, Petruk, Nala Gareng, and Nakula-Sadewa Temples. Visitor can find other interesting archeological site and statue in the Museum near Gatotkaca Temple.Merdada Lake Merdada Lake was a volcanic crater and the widest lake in Dieng Plateau, it’s about 25 Ha. A agricultural development center is built near the lake.
Sikidang Crater Named from Javanese word ‘kidang’ or baby deer because the activity of the crater seems like a baby deer that jumping around, running and moving. This crater spurt high temperature water and mud.Tuk Bimo Lukar A fountain dripping clear water in a natural bathing spring considered as holy is the origin of Serayu River.
Telaga Manjer Manjer lake is popular for weekend family picnics. The lake is 54 m deep and 79 hectares large, surrounded by green mountains. The location is 12 km from Wonosobo, in the sub-district of Garung.
Telaga Warna Telaga Warna, a lake reflecting various colors from its basin. In addition, Telaga Pengilon (or Mirror Lake) is believed to be a place where a princess from the Hindu Mataram Kingdom used to gaze. Near the lake at Sikendil Hill in Jojogan village, visitor can view Dieng plateau from Dieng Plateau Theater.
Ratu Boko Palace is a huge complex built on 16 hectares as the residence of King Boko of the first Mataram dynasty. Local legend says that Ratu Boko liked to eat human flesh.
Primarily in ruins, visitors must use their imaginations to fill in historical and structural gaps. Gold plates inscribed with Buddhist mantras have been found here dating to 792 A.D, along with stupas and Bodhisattva statues, indicating that at one time it might have also been a monastery. However, Hindu remains such as lingga and Ganesha statues have also been discovered.
From the restored main entrance to the right is the Palace’s audience hall that has been restored. On the left of the hall is a Keputren Pool (“Princess’ Bath”) that was used as a bathing pool for women. Fragments of sculptures and bas-reliefs can be found around the pools: elephants, birds and snakes. Other partial structures are a crematory temple, now only a tall platform bordered by steps and surrounded by parapets; a pendopo (meeting hall) surrounded by a high rock fence with three entrance gates and water spouts outside the fence; a miniature Hindu temple with three small gates representing Brahma, Shiva and Vishnu; and the alun-alun, the town square. To the south of the complex are two caves, probably used for meditation.[codepeople-post-map] Direction Jl. Raya Piyungan, 3 km south of Prambanan Temple at Dawung and Sambirejo villages, Piyungan, or 19 km east of Jogjakarta. Open daily 7 am – 6 pm. The panoramic views surrounding the complex are breathtaking. On a clear morning, Mount Merapi and Prambanan and Kalasan temples are visible to the north, while to the south, the Indian Ocean is discernible in the distance. This palace is also the best place for witnessing sunset.
SCALE UP The sheer number of temples within the Prambanan Complex is extraordinary, the site is structured in a series of three ‘squares’ which radiate out in size. A raised central square, has a total of 11 temples, of various sizes, the largest being the Siva (Shiva) temple which towers dramatically at close to 50 metres high. It is flanked by temples honouring the gods Vishnu and Brahma. Three smaller temples sit in front of the larger temples and each of these is dedicated to the ‘vehicles’ or transportation of the gods represented: Nandi, the bull, for Siva; Hamsa, the sacred swan, for Brahma; and the eagle Garuda for Vishnu. The second square radiates out symmetrically and contains paths through to the central square, as well as 224 smaller temples of identical design. These temples are known as perwara temples, meaning guardian or complementary. Although most of these smaller temples are currently tumbling ruins, a few have been restored and it is not difficult to imagine the sheer magnitude of what was once here. A third and final square was also walled at some stage, is not on the same axis as the central two, and does not contain religious artefacts. It is thought that this area would have been for those involved in ceremonies to prepare offerings, and for buildings to house resident priests and pilgrims. These buildings no longer remain as the materials used have not survived over time. STORY TELLER The exteriors of the temples and the balustrade areas within the central square are dense with carvings, and in particular, the Siva temple is famous for the 62 relief depictions of the Ramayana Ballet, telling the story of King Rama and his wife Sita. The Ramanaya Ballet continues to have strong links with the temple complex, with performances held on an open air stage within the temple compounds. THE LEGEND OF LORO DJONGGRANG Within the Prambanan's Siva temple is a series of chambers, dedicated to Ganesha, Bhatare Guru; a bearded priest, Siva himself, and importantly, Durga, who local folklore claims as the depiction of Loro Djonggrang, the slender virgin. The folklore of Loro Djonggrang ties this site in with the Ratu Boko Palace with Ratu Boko being the father of the princess Loro Djonggrang. A prince named Bandung desperately wanted Loro Djonggang to marry him and she refused, as she he had killed her father. He insisted, and she finally agreed on one condition. He must build 1000 temples in one night. Prince Bandung summoned up spirits to help him, and close to dawn, much to the dismay of Loro Djonggrang they had completed the 999th temple. Loro Djonggrang ordered all of the servants to light a large fire, and begin pounding rice. The roosters were fooled into thinking it was dawn and began to crow, the spirits fled, and the final temple was left unbuilt. Prince Bandung was furious and turned Loro Djonggrang into stone, representing the final temple. GETTING THERE AND GETTING IN prambanan_detail:: Prambanan Temple Complex is located 17 km east of Yogyakarta, on the road to Solo.
Prambanan’s status as one of the most extraordinary pieces of South East Asian religious architecture was recognised by a UNESCO in 1991 when it named this complex a World Heritage Site.
WHAT WE CAN OFFER TO YOU: TRANSPORT & GUIDE FOR DAY VISIT TO 3 TEMPLES, BOROBUDUR - MENDUT - PRAMBANAN. Check our tour Here ...
Sources: Borobudur Park oficial website, credit photo: Borobodur Park website respective owner.